Parkside Primary School

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Phonics at Parkside


Welcome to the phonics section of our school website. This part of the school website aims to help you understand what your child is taught at school in phonics and how you can help at home.


Key Stage One

If your child is in reception, year one or year two they will be working initially on phonics to help them with reading and writing. At Parkside we follow 'Letters and Sounds' which is a six phase programme. We use a range of books from different reading schemes to give pupils a variety of reading experience.

Children are taught to recognise graphemes (letters) and the phoneme (sound) these make. Children are also taught tricky words, these are words which are not phonetically spelt so must be taught to be recognised rather than sounded out.  If you click on the links below you will find a list of all of the graphemes taught and the sounds which these make as well as a list of all of the tricky words which your child should be learning to recognise when reading and spell correctly when writing.

‘sounds document'                                     ‘tricky words document’

If your child is in reception and only just starting on their phonics journey they will be taught actions to help them remember each sound such as ‘a for ant’ children move their fingers to show ants crawling up their arm. The link below will show you the actions which your child is taught so you can continue with these at home if needed.

By year 2 children are starting to learn spelling rules to help them to learn correct spellings, we call this phase 6 phonics. Within this time children are encouraged to recognise spelling patterns and begin to recognise when words are spelt incorrectly. This is a very difficult thing to do and takes lots of practise.


Key Stage Two

From year 3 upwards children are encouraged to continue learning spelling patterns so that spelling becomes more accurate. If needed the children continue with learning sounds, sounding out to read  and spelling phonetically to encourage the children to become confident readers and writers!


Throughout the school we teach handwriting alongside phonics to try and encourage neat and joined handwriting so that they can earn a pen license!


How you can help at home

If you would like to help your child at home there are lots of things you can do:

Homework set can often include spellings which you can help your child to practise (remembering neat handwriting!)

Encourage your child to read, this can be any type of text from newspapers and magazines to road signs and shop names.

If your child asks you how to spell something either ask them to sound it out (key stage one children) or ask them if they know any spelling rules (keys stage two children)

Play games. There are lots of online games which you can play with your child or ask them to play independently. A list of these websites can be found below. (Please note these links will open in a new window)


Useful websites


If you have any questions about phonics teaching and how you can help at home, or if you want any further help or guidance please ask your child’s class teacher and we will be happy to help!